While the legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada has been long overdue, the problems it can pose are still very present. As a result, the Ontario government has enacted its own set of rules and regulation to ensure that this substance is kept out of the hand of minors, off the illegal market and outside of the workplace and roads.

Here is a quick rundown of everything you need to know about Ontario cannabis laws:


Age Requirement


While the Cannabis Act of Canada states that the minimum age for cannabis consumption, purchase, and cultivation is 18, persons in Ontario must be 19 years old or older to use, buy, possess and grow recreational cannabis.

It is therefore illegal for persons under this age to be caught with the substance and, if they are, measures are put in place to prevent its recurrence.


Where You Can Buy Cannabis In Ontario


Persons in Ontario can purchase cannabis from the Ontario Cannabis Store which is a publicly operated online store and delivery service. Persons can also purchase cannabis from physical retail stores that have been licensed by The Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario.

These stores operate between the hours of 9 am and 10 pm Monday-Sunday and can only sell approved cannabis products (such as the dried flower, topicals, concentrates and tinctures) and certain cannabis accessories such as rolling papers and pipes.

Buyers must be 19 years old and older to purchase cannabis and may be asked to produce an ID upon entry. Buyers are also only allowed to purchase up to 30 grams at a time.


Where You Can Consume Cannabis In Ontario


In Ontario, persons are allowed to smoke and vape cannabis in/at:

  • Private residences (not including residences that are workplaces such as retirement homes)
  • Outdoor public spaces (such as sidewalks and parks)
  • Designated smoking guest rooms (at hotels or inns)
  • Residential vehicles and boats (such as RVs once they satisfy criteria such as having a sleeping area, cooking facility and are parked or anchored)
  • Scientific research and testing facilities

Persons are not allowed to smoke or vape cannabis in/at:

  • Indoor common areas (such as lobbies and common rooms)
  • Enclosed public places
  • Workplaces
  • Non-designated guest rooms
  • Schools and places where children gather (such as parks, playgrounds, daycares)
  • Hospitals, hospices, and care homes or their outdoor grounds
  • Publicly owned sport fields or spectator areas
  • Moving vehicle or boats
  • Government buildings

Cannabis Possession Limit


In Ontario, persons are only allowed to have 30 grams (or about one ounce) of dried cannabis or its equivalent in public at any given time.

Persons are allowed to grow up to four cannabis plants per residence if:

  • They are 19 years are older
  • It is for personal use
  • The seeds and growing tools or equipment were purchased from an authorized retail store or from the Ontario Cannabis Store.



Medical Cannabis


The rules and regulations regarding medical cannabis remain the same in Ontario.


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