Though Cannabis laws in Canada adhere to the Cannabis Act, there are some differences in the rules and regulations regarding cannabis per territory and province.
In Alberta, the purpose of these rules and regulations are to :
- Prevent cannabis consumption in the children and youth
- Prevent the use of cannabis in the workplace, public spaces and on roads
- Protect public health
- Eliminate the cannabis black market
Let’s take a closer look at Alberta’s Cannabis Laws:
The legal age to purchase and consume alcohol and tobacco in Alberta is already 18. Therefore, they just went with 18 as the minimum age to purchase and consume cannabis.
18 is the proposed age under the Cannabis Act. This protects the youth from health risks associated with cannabis.
Persons under this age who possess 5 grams or less will not face criminal charges, however, the cannabis will be confiscated and their parents or guardians will be notified. They may also face penalties similar to those for underage alcohol and tobacco possession.
Where You Can Buy Cannabis In Alberta
In Alberta, persons 18 years and older can only buy cannabis products from retailers who receive their products from the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (AGLC). This commission is responsible for distributing cannabis, similar to how it distributed alcohol.
All physical cannabis stores in Canada have to receive licensing by the AGLC who sets the terms and conditions of these licenses. They also inspect these retailers, address any violations and ensures that the retailers operate responsibly and lawfully.
These licensed retailers are the only stores that are legally allowed to sell cannabis. However, they are not allowed to sell cannabis if they also sell alcohol, tobacco, and pharmaceuticals.
Buyers are required to provide IDs if they look younger than 25. Persons who are under the legal age are not allowed to buy cannabis or be on the premises, even if they are accompanied by someone of legal age.
Staff is also required to be 18 years old or older to work at licensed cannabis retailer stores and are required to undergo a background check along with a Sell-Safe training program.
Cannabis retailer stores cannot be located less than 100 meters away from a school and may be open from 10 am to 2 am.
Where You Can Consume Cannabis In Alberta
The rules for consuming cannabis in Alberta follow the rules of smoking tobacco. Persons are allowed to consume cannabis in their homes and in some public areas where smoking cannabis is allowed.
Persons are prohibited from smoking in vehicles, whether it is moving or not. (those being used as temporary residences, such as parked RVs are an exception to this rule)
Smoking or vaping cannabis is especially prohibited:
- On hospital property
- On school or any child care facility
- Playgrounds, sports/playing fields, skateboard/bicycle parks, zoos, and outdoor pools.
Cannabis should not be consumed at any cannabis retail stores.
Failure to abide by these rules will result in fines and other administrative penalties.
Cannabis Possession Limit
Persons are only allowed to buy up to 30grams of cannabis per transaction. This is also the legal possession limit.
In vehicles, cannabis must be enclosed in secure packaging and not within the reach of its occupants.
Albertans are allowed to grow up to 4 recreational cannabis plants per household with seeds bought from licensed cannabis retailers.
Persons who rent apartments live in condos or multi-family dwellings are not allowed to grow recreational cannabis based on rental agreements or condominium bylaws.
The rules regarding medical cannabis in Alberta remain the same.
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